Pharm is the short form of the word pharmacy which refers to the science and methods of production and dispensing of drugs. A pharmacy can also be described as legal health profession where a pharmacist is able to provide information about drugs to patients as well as medical professionals.
A pharmacy will dispense both prescription and over-the-counter medication by a pharmacist who has been licensed to do so. Every pharmacy must be registered by the relevant bodies that control them and have proof of this in their premises. Drugs sold should be well labeled and displayed in such a way that anyone who wishes to buy the drugs can clearly see the names of the drugs being sold.
A legitimate pharmacy should only sell drugs that are legitimate and not expired. No drug being sold in a pharmacy should lack an expiry date on the package and the manufacturer’s name as well. The pharmacy should only sell drugs that are legally permitted and keep away from anything that is not permitted by the law.
Photo of a pharmacy
History of Pharmacy
The existence of the first pharmacy came into being when juice from a succulent leaf was extracted so that it could be applied to a wounded person. Asclepius, who was a Greek god who signified healing, had delegated the responsibility of making his remedies to a certain pharmacist by the name Hygieia.
In Egypt there were two classes of priests; some waited on those who came into the temple for remedies, while the other group went to visit those suffering from various illnesses. In Rome too, there were herbalists and physicians who worked together to ensure that those suffering from various illnesses received their treatment. The herbalist would look for raw materials to make the medicine and the physician would do the job of making the drugs.
Since the Second World War, the pharmaceutical industry has evolved and the pharmacist’s role has changed as well. What remains constant is that the pharmacist still administers drugs, formulates, stores, and provides the correct dosage to the patients. The pharmacist also ensures that the quality of drugs dispensed works in the right way to ensure that patients are relieved from all complications.
A pharmacist dispensing drugs in a pharmacy
Types of Pharmacy
There are various types of pharmacies some of which are listed below:
- Community pharmacy: This is the most common type of pharmacy where members of a community are able to get medications and professional advice regarding the use of different drugs. They will provide instructions on what to avoid when taking the drugs, educate the people on the drugs that can interact when taken together as well as remind customers on the dates they are supposed to refill their prescriptions.
- Hospital pharmacy: This is a type of pharmacy that is located in hospitals, medical centers or a nursing home. The pharmacy will ensure that the right drugs are used for the treatment of various complications, ensure that the different drugs are safe for use by different patients and also works towards preventing adverse reactions when different drugs are consumed.
- Compounding pharmacy: It deals with producing and preparing new forms of medications. The pharmacy may reformulate a drug in tablet form into a solution so that those who were unable to take it in tablet form can be able to take it in solution form.
The pharmacy may be located in a community setting or a clinical setting depending on the purpose of the drug formulation being made. They could sell the drugs directly to people who need to use them.
- Consulting pharmacy: The pharmacy’s main focus is to review medications but not to dispense. The pharmacists who work in these pharmacies will visit patients in their homes or in a nursing home to offer advice on the best way to take different medications so that they will be more effective.
- Ambulatory care pharmacy: This pharmacy will provide pharmaceutical services to people living in rural areas. It is a mobile pharmacy that will take medical solutions to where the people are especially in areas where it is difficult to access medical services. The pharmacists who work in this pharmacy work under a well established medical organization.
- Regulatory pharmacy: it is also referred to as a government pharmacy and its main duty is to create rules and precautions that must be followed so that drugs will be used safely leading to positive results from those using them.
- Home care pharmacy: this is a pharmacy that ensures that patients who are critically ill receive their injectables. No other form of drugs is dispensed by this pharmacy and each home care pharmacy deals with a specific illness.
A pharmacist testing the quality of drugs
What is Pharmacology?
Pharmacology is a science that deals with drugs which involves the review of chemical components that interact with every living thing chemically mostly through connecting with regulatory molecules. There are different branches of pharmacology some of which include:
- Pharmacokinetics: This branch deals with the absorption of drugs, their distribution, how they are metabolized, and finally excreted. It also deals with when the drugs begin to take effect, how long it remains active and the impact of the drug’s effect.
- Pharmacodynamics: This branch is concerned with the working of drugs and how the concentration of the drug affects its effect on the body. In simple terms, it deals with the reaction of the drug in the body.
- Pharmacognosy: This is the process of identifying drugs through looking at them or feeling their smell. The method is no longer in use as its outcome cannot be trusted.
- Pharmacy: This branch of pharmacology deals with dispensing of drugs, and ensuring that the correct dose is administered to both men and animals.
- Toxicology: This deals with adverse reactions that result from the use of different drugs. The main focus is on the symptoms, treating and detecting the poison brought about by various chemicals, and the symptoms that result from the chemical reactions.
The existence of the pharmacy has a long history in different countries but what remains constant is that those who work there have a responsibility of ensuring that the drugs dispensed work in the right way. Pharmacies are of different types with some taking their services to patients in their homes, while others keep their doors open waiting for those who need help to come to them. You can choose a pharmacy that best fits your needs and make sure the pharmacy is legitimate. You can go through our list of Top Online Pharmacies where you will be able to identify the reliable online pharmacies that will sell original drugs.